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Ingredient Glossary

Use this glossary to learn more about the active ingredients featured in our skin care. Click on the links for skin care products and active ingredients that are available to purchase individually.

A

Acai Extract

Acai extract contains anthocyanins (cyanidin 3-O-glucoside and cyanidin 3-O-rutinoside) and phenolics. The fruit pulp is rich in polyphenols with high antioxidant activity; it scavenges peroxyl radicals and reduces proliferation of rogue cells. Anthocyanins are responsible for the deep purple colour of this extract.

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)

This is life's energy currency, the universal energy storage unit. It is used in practically every synthetic reaction in all animals, plants, bacteria, and even in viruses when they are directing traffic in the host. ATP is being formed and broken continuously, so any energy stored in the gram of ATP we provide will be used up almost instantly. The ADP and phosphate formed as a result of this will be used and reused by your body.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids

Found in Alpha Beta Exfoliator.

Alpha hydroxy acids, like lactic acid, are weakly ionized acids used as exfoliants. They are safe to use at relatively high concentrations. Although present in fruits and milk, the acids used in skin care are likely to be obtained by bacterial fermentation. Exfoliation power and relative safety are determined by the final pH.

 Allantoin

Allantoin [(2,5-Dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl) urea], naturally found in comfrey, is generally found in synthetic form in skin care products. There is no difference between the natural and synthetic forms. Allantoin increases the smoothness of the skin and provides a skin protectant effect.

Aloe Extract

Obtained from the aloe barbadensis plant, aloe extract has been known and used for many centuries throughout history. It may be the oldest remedy noted for its healing qualities. This plant belongs to the lily family and is found in desert climates throughout the world. Aloe vera contains 75 potentially active constituents: vitamins, enzymes

Alpha Lipoic Acid

Alpha lipoic acid (ALA), also known as thioctic acid or 6,8-dithiooctanoic acid, is essential for cell function but not essential in the nutritional sense because our bodies make it. Older skin may be "starved" of this very important antioxidant and cofactor. Lipoic acid, a naturally occurring dithiol complex, is the prosthetic (i.e. non-proteic) group of several enzymes, including the transacetylase part of the enzyme complex that catalyzes the decarboxylation of pyruvate so that the remaining 2-carbon group can enter the Krebs cycle. Aside from its fundamental role in enzyme function, in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that ALA also acts as a powerful micronutrient with diverse pharmacological and antioxidant properties.

Amino Acids

Found in Amino Booster.

Amino acids are relatively small molecules made of two or more carbon atoms. There are many amino acids, but only 20 are common in proteins.

There are 20 amino acids found in proteins to ensure optimal nutrition of keratinocytes. The Amino Booster contains all the essential and nonessential amino acids that aging skin needs.

L-Glutamine, L-Arginine, L-Leucine, L-Serine, L-Cysteine, L-Valine, L-Proline, L-Lysine, Glycine, L-Asparagine, L-Glutamic Acid, L-Threonine, L-Alanine, L-Phenylalanine, L-Methionine, L-Aspartic Acid, L-Tyrosine, L-Tryptophan, L-Histidine, L-Isoleucine.
In bold: essential amino acids.

 

Aminobutyric Acid (Gamma)

Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-essential amino acid necessary for brain metabolism. GABA is used in skin care to lessen the effects of wrinkles as part of an anti-aging regimen. It has been suggested that the gamma-aminobutyric acid (A)-like receptor associated with skin barrier homeostasis and regulation of the receptor could be a target for diseases affecting the skin barrier and causing epidermal hyperproliferation.

Andrographis Paniculata Extract

Found in Olive Anti-Inflammatory Cream.

This Indian herb is known as Kalmegh or Kalamegha in Ayurvedic medicine. The mechanism of activity of andrographolide is through the inhibition of nuclear factor-kappaβ, a central transcriptional factor and a regulator of many genes involved in reducing irritation.

Apigenin

Found in Scar Vanishing Gel and Hair Care Serum.

A phenolic flavonoid is found in chamomile and many other plants and helps reduce redness and irritation. The antioxidant effect fights free radicals formed by exposure to the sun, pollution, and heat.

Apple Pectin

Found in Glycan 7 Booster and Anti-Aging Cream.

Apple pectin is a complex polysaccharide that contains rhamnose, a methylated pentose sugar. Apparently, fibroblasts contain receptors for rhamnose, and when rhamnose binds to these receptors it results in increased synthesis of collagen and strengthened epidermal-dermal junction.

Arbutin

Arbutin is a glycosylated hydroquinone present in the leaves of the bearberry (arctostaphylos uva-ursi) and is responsible for the skin brightening properties of the plant extract. Just like hydroquinone, the shape of arbutin resembles the amino acid tyrosine enough to bind tyrosinase, the enzyme that catalyzes the first transformation of tyrosine into melanin. Inhibition of the enzyme in this way is called “competitive” because the false substrate, arbutin, competes with the real one, tyrosine, for the active site of the enzyme.

 

 

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